Ana Mendieta (b. 1948, Havana - d.1985, New York) Recognized for her pioneering work in performance-based art and land art, Mendieta made films, photographs and sculptures rooted in conceptual art and in performance as well as in her own search for origins. She integrated her own body – or its silhouette – with the land in many variations to produce what she called "earth body art." She did this work in various locales, including Italy, Mexico, and Cuba, where she carved a series she namedRupestrian Sculptures at Escaleras de Jaruco in 1981. Mendieta moved to the United States in 1961 via the Operation Pedro Pan airlift; she attended the University of Iowa, where she earned bachelor's and master's degrees in painting and an MFA in Intermedia. In 1983, she received the Rome Prize from the American Academy in Rome. Her work has been the subject of many books, including Ana Mendieta: The "Silueta" Series, Ana Mendieta: A Book of Works, Unseen Mendieta: The Unpublished Works of Ana Mendieta, Where Is Ana Mendieta?: Identity, Performativity, and Exile and Ana Mendieta: Earth Body. The 1987 video, Ana Mendieta Fuego de Tierra, focuses on Mendieta and her work. Her work is in many major collections, including the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, D.C., The Art Institute of Chicago, The Whitney Museum and the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Miami Art Museum. (2009 Cintas Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award in the Visual Arts [awarded posthumously])

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